Food. Spearmint, or Mentha spicata, is a type of mint similar to peppermint.. It’s a perennial plant that hails from Europe and Asia but now commonly grows on five continents around the world. Spacing: 12 - 18" (30 - 46cm) Height: 36" (91cm) Width: 24 - 36" (61 - 91cm) Exposure: Shade, Sun. What is the scientific name for spearmint? Stem: Their green stem is hairless or slightly hairy. Grown in the mountainous regions of Morocco, this variety of mint possesses a clear, pungent, but mild aroma. The main purpose of having a scientific name is to have a same name accepted and used worldwide. These rhizomatous plants have a refreshing fragrance and attractive appearance: Height: These plants can grow anywhere between 30 cm and 100cm in height. The scientific name for spearmint is Mentha Spicata. Spearmint has been used traditionally as medicines for minor ailments such as fevers, and digestive disorders. Spearmint is used for its aromatic oil, called oil of spearmint. Spearmint tea is a popular drink consumed all over the world. Some dispute exists as to what drying method works best; some prefer different materials (such as plastic or cloth) and different lighting conditions (such as darkness or sunlight). Research has revealed this triad of compounds form a digestion improving cocktail that only nature could devise. This is an indication that the plant can also be infected by the viruses, cucumber mosaic and tomato aspermy.[21]. pH range should be between 6.0 and 7.5. Answer. It includes several varieties, the most commonly hear ones being peppermint and spearmint Mint has been added to many savory dishes and cool as well as hot beverages since time immortal. [13] The species has two accepted subspecies, each of which has acquired a large number of synonyms:[1][3][4], The plant is a tetraploid species (2n = 48), which could be a result of hybridization and chromosome doubling. Source. Spacing: 12 - 18" (30 - 46cm) Height: 36" (91cm) Width: 24 - 36" (61 - 91cm) Exposure: Shade, Sun. Scientific Name: Mentha spicata: Origin: Native to Europe and Asia and naturalized in parts of northern and western Africa, North and South America and various oceanic islands. Mentha spicata. Answer. Explore Spearmint Information in detail along with its common name and scientific name. Lamiaceae. 2012-06-29 03:52:41 2012-06-29 03:52:41. The herb has a strong, sweet aroma, but is not as strong as peppermint. Spearmint is a branching perennial herb of Mediterranean origin. Along with the scientific name of Spearmint, know the scientific names of other plants too. Leaves are 2.5 – 5cm long, oblong-ovate. Commercial Part. Spearmint tea is an herbal tea derived from the leaves of the spearmint plant, also known as the garden mint. [17] It was introduced into England through the Romans by the 5th century, and the “Father of British Botany”, of the surname Turner, mentions mint as being good for the stomach. The stem is square-shaped. Scientific Name. Common name of Spearmint is the name which changes with change in the regions. Spearmint is a type of mint.It is also called garden mint, common mint, lamb mint and mackerel mint. Scientific name of Spearmint oil. It is used as a flavouring in food and herbal teas. Spearmint, which has the scientific name Mentha spicata and belongs to the family Lamiaceae, is used to add flavoring to food, beverages like iced tea, alcoholic drinks, and candy.Its smell usually makes people think about cleanliness; thus it is primarily used as the scent for various hygienic products such as bath scrubs, mouthwash, shaving creams, shampoos, soaps, and toothpaste. 'Spearmint' is a Chinese juniper cultivar with a dense, columnar to narrow-pyramidal habit, typically maturing to 10-15' tall but to only 4' wide. It can be dried by cutting just before, or right (at peak) as the flowers open, about one-half to three-quarters the way down the stalk (leaving smaller shoots room to grow). Other fungi that cause disease in spearmint are Rhizoctonia solani, Verticillium dahliae, Phoma strasseri, and Erysiphe cischoracearum. The infection looks like circular dark spot on the top side of the leaf. In China, spearmint have been seen with mosaic symptoms and deformed leaves. The scientific name of Spearmint is the botanical name or formal name. spearmint This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. This species has been used for the toothpaste, cosmetics, mouthwashes, and is valuable to be natural medications. Stem: Their green stem is … Mentha spicatais a perennial plant, up to 40 inches (1 m) tall, with hairless to hairy stems and foliage, and a wide-spreading fleshy underground rhizome. Specific epithet means of China. The leaf now grows all over the world, but its first use can be traced to Europe and Asia. The leaves are up to 3.5 inches (9 cm) long and up to 1.2 inches (3 cm) wide, with a serrated margin. Spearmint Scientific Name. You can also know the Spearmint Scientific Classification which will help you gain the botanical information about the plant. Click on an acronym to view each weed list, or click here for a composite list of Weeds of the U.S. Hybridization occurs naturally where some species range overlap. [21], Some nematode diseases in spearmint include root knot and root lesions. Every plant has different names in different languages. 2010-11-29 19:15:32 2010-11-29 19:15:32. [8][9] Spearmint flowers in the summer (from July to September in the northern hemisphere),[10] and has relatively large seeds, which measure 0.62–0.90 mm (0.024–0.035 in). It gets its unusual name of spear from the pointy tips of the plant that could, in some imaginations, resemble the tip of a spear. Asked by Wiki User. Common name of garden plants in different languages is different. Key Takeaways: Gastric ulcer causes many unpleasant symptoms. Killing the cause of infection can provide immediate relief from pain. Each distinct species of mint has its own scientific name. [29][28], Spearmint has been historically used for its antimicrobial activity, which is likely due to the high concentration of carvone. [19], Spearmint ideally thrives in soils that are deep and well drained, moist, rich in nutrients and organic matter, and have a crumbly texture. About 30 species of mint and 500 varieties are found. Mentha (also known as mint, from Greek μίνθα míntha, Linear B mi-ta) is a genus of plants in the family Lamiaceae (mint family). [25], The main chemical component of spearmint is the terpenoid carvone,[26][27] which has been shown to aid in the inhibition of tumors. Its oils sedate unhappy digestive tract nerves and reduce the … [27][30] Its in vitro antibacterial activity has been compared to, and is even said to surpass, that of amoxicillin, penicillin, and streptomycin. The species and subspecies have many synonyms.. References Japanese Mint (Mentha Arvensis) is a perennial herb with creeping root stalk and an erect stem, 1-2 quadrangulate branched with short dense hair. The easiest way is to find or purchase an existing spearmint … Spearmint Genus and Other Classification. Research found is catalogued by therapeutic action. [28] Perillyl alcohol, an additional terpenoid found in lower concentrations in spearmint, positively effects the regulation of various cell substances involved in cell growth and differentiation. The most abundant compound in spearmint oil is R-(–)-carvone, which gives spearmint its distinctive smell. The scientific name for these plants is Mentha spicata. Hybridization occurs naturally where some species range overlap. General Information: Spearmint-scented, green leaves with purple-blue flowers. Moreover, it has the good aroma which is similar to the peppermint, yet, it contains less menthol than peppermint and has a sweeter taste. It is the most common cause of gastric ulcer [9]. Herb plants, seeds and rhizomes for medicinal, culinary and other uses like natural insecticides and fertilisers (information provided where available). The other nematode species are Pratylenchus which cause root lesions. Often used in chewing gum, breath mints, and toothpaste, spearmint also makes a useful culinary herb. Its scientific name is Mentha spicata. Common/English Name [11], Mentha spicata varies considerably in leaf blade dimensions, the prominence of leaf veins, and pubescence. Most famous for its use in oral hygiene products like toothpaste, gum, and breath fresheners, spearmint (scientific name: Mentha viridis) has long been treasured for its natural healing … This perennial herb with pointed leaves has Mentha spicata as the scientific name. Hardiness Zone: 3a - 7b. The botanical name of spearmint is Mentha spicata.. History of spearmint oil. Still it is beneficial to know the common name of all garden plants. The stem is square-shaped, a defining characteristic of the mint family of herbs. 1 2 3. Specific epithet means of China. "[18], Spearmint is documented as being an important cash crop in Connecticut during the period of the American Revolution, at which time mint teas were noted as being a popular drink due to them not being taxed. Genus is a group of plants which are related to each other in some or the other way. FAMILY: N.O. The aromatic oil, called oil of spearmint, is also used as a flavouring and sometimes as a scent. [7][8] It is used as a flavouring in food and herbal teas. [17] John Gerard's Herbal (1597) states that: "It is good against watering eyes and all manner of break outs on the head and sores. Scientific Back Up Peppermint leaves carry menthol-rich volatile oils as well as tannins and bitters. Latin Name: Mentha spicata Family: Lamiaceae RESEARCH The listings of research below represent a compilation of scientific articles found on the species, with a very brief overview description of each article/study. Mentha piperita. HERBS. Scientific Name: Mentha spicata. Perfect for cooking or as a garnish. Genus name comes from the Latin name for the juniper. Spearmint and peppermint are used for many of the same purposes, but they aren’t the same plant. Mentha (also known as mint, from Greek μίνθα míntha, Linear B mi-ta) is a genus of plants in the family Lamiaceae (mint family). It develops over time, according to use, look, and lore. Scientific Name: Mentha spicata. 'Spearmint' is a Chinese juniper cultivar with a dense, columnar to narrow-pyramidal habit, typically maturing to 10-15' tall but to only 4' wide. [12], Mentha spicata was first described scientifically by Carl Linnaeus in 1753. Top Answer. Genus name comes from the Latin name for the juniper. The leaves lose their aromatic appeal after the plant flowers. Spearmint genus and other classification is necessary information to know for every botanist. It is naturalized in many other temperate parts of the world, including northern and southern Africa, North America and South America. Hence, scientific name of Spearmint is used worldwide. The main purpose of having a scientific name is to have a same name accepted and used worldwide. Top Answer. General Information: Spearmint-scented, green leaves with purple-blue flowers. Mint is a part of the mentha family. [32][33] The degree of antimicrobial activity varies with the type of microorganism tested.[27]. Spearmint oil also contains significant amounts of limonene, dihydrocarvone, and 1,8-cineol. Spearmint leaves are infused in water to make spearmint tea. Propagation: Use seeds, or propagate the spearmint plant with cuttings or rootball division. He also mentions that "the smell rejoice the heart of man", for which cause they used to strew it in chambers and places of recreation, pleasure and repose, where feasts and banquets are made. DescriptionSpearmint, also known as garden mint, common mint, lamb mint and mackerel mint, is a species of mint, Mentha spicata, native to Europe and southern temperate Asia, extending from Ireland in the west to southern China in the east. The scientific name of Spearmint is the botanical name or formal name. 17 Page 238 留兰香 liu lan xiang, "Seasonal variation in content, chemical composition and antimicrobial and cytotoxic activities of essential oils from four, "Antiemetic activity of volatile oil from, "Productivity, Oil Content, and Composition of Two Spearmint Species in Mississippi", "Health-promoting properties of common herbs", "The continuing search for antitumor agents from higher plants", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Spearmint&oldid=991826396, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from February 2013, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 2 December 2020, at 00:55. Wiki User Answered . Puccinia menthae is a fungus that causes the disease called “rust”. It is naturalized in parts of Western and Northern Africa, South America and North America.
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